تعداد نشریات | 26 |

تعداد شمارهها | 327 |

تعداد مقالات | 2,810 |

تعداد مشاهده مقاله | 4,244,150 |

تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله | 2,895,975 |

## Stability Analysis of Microgrid with Passive, Active, and Dynamic Load | ||

Journal of Operation and Automation in Power Engineering | ||

دوره 11، شماره 4، اسفند 2023، صفحه 295-306 اصل مقاله (4.29 M) | ||

نوع مقاله: Research paper | ||

شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22098/joape.2024.10445.1741 | ||

نویسندگان | ||

K. Matharani^{*} ؛ H. Jariwala
| ||

^{}Department of Electrical Engineering, SVNIT, Surat, India | ||

چکیده | ||

The autonomous microgrid can incur a stability issue due to the low inertia offered by power electronics-based distributed generating sources of the microgrid. Due to the fast dynamics of inverters and the intermittent nature of renewables, the first phase of abrupt load change might not be shared evenly by DGs, and the system's stability deteriorates substantially. Hence the stability of the microgrid can greatly influenced by the load dynamics because of the inertialess generating sources. This paper presents a stability analysis of microgrid considering passive, active, and dynamic loads fed by inverter-based DGs. The small-signal analysis demonstrates the effect of inverter parameters and load factors. The dominance of states in oscillatory mode is examined by participation analysis. The results show that passive load does not introduce low-frequency mode, whereas rectifier interfaced active load (RIAL) introduces low-frequency mode due to DC voltage controller. The induction motor (IM) load introduces less damped eigenvalues in the microgrid and profoundly affects the real power-sharing of the system. The time-domain results verify the results obtained through eigenvalue analysis. | ||

کلیدواژهها | ||

Microgrid؛ Distributed generation units؛ Rectifier interfaced active load؛ Passive load؛ Induction motor load | ||

مراجع | ||

- Ghanizadeh, M.Ebadian, and G B. Gharehpetian. "Control of inverter-interfaced distributed generation units for voltage and current harmonics compensation in grid-connected microgrids."
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 66–82, 2016. - Shah and B. Mehta, "Mitigation of grid connected distributed solar photovoltaic fluctuations using battery energy storage station and microgrid,"
*Inter. J. Power Energy Convers.*, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 153, 2021. - Shahgholian, "A brief review on microgrids: Operation, applications, modeling, and control,"
*Inter. Trans. Electri. Energy Syst.*, vol. 31, no. 6, 2021. - Radmanesh, M. Saeidi. "Stabilizing Microgrid Frequency by Linear Controller Design to Increase Dynamic Response of Diesel Generator Frequency Control Loop".
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 216-226, 2019. - Jasemi, H. Abdi. "Probabilistic Multi-Objective Optimal Power Flow in an AC/DC Hybrid Microgrid Considering Emission Cost,"
*J. Oper. Automa. Power Eng.*, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 13–27, 2022. - Khorshidi, T. Niknam, and B. Bahmani. "Synchronization of microgrid considering the dynamics of V2Gs using an optimized fractional order controller-based scheme."
*J. Oper. Automa.Power Eng.*vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 11–22, 2021. - Naderi, A. Dejamkhooy, S.J. SeyedShenava, H. Shayeghi, "MILP based Optimal Design of Hybrid Microgrid by Considering Statistical wind Estimation and Demand Response,"
*J. Oper. Automa. Power Eng.*, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 54-65, 2022. - M. Ahmed, L. Meegahapola, A. Vahidnia and M. Datta, "Stability and Control Aspects of Microgrid Architectures–A Comprehensive Review,"
*IEEE Access*, vol. 8, pp. 144730144766, 2020. - Guerrero, J. Vasquez, J. Matas, L. de Vicuna and M. Castilla, "Hierarchical Control of Droop-Controlled AC and DC Microgrids–A General Approach Toward Standardization,"
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 158-172, 2011. - P. Lopes, C. L. Moreira, and A. Madureira, "Defining control strategies for microgrids islanded operation,"
*IEEE Trans. power syst.*, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 916–924, 2006. - Singh and S. Parida, "Need of distributed generation for sustainable development in coming future,"
*IEEE Inter. Conf. Power Electron. Drives Energy Syst. (PEDES)*, pp. 1–6, 2012. - Gupta and P. Paliwal, "Novel droop integrated technique for regulation of islanded and grid-connected hybrid microgrid,"
*Inter. J. Power Energy Convers.*, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 89, 2021. - Samarat, B. MEHTA, S. Joshi. "Analysis and Modeling of AC and DC Micro-Grids for Prosumer Based Implementation,"
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Engineering*, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 116-122, 2021. - Kazeminejad, M. Banejad, U. Annakkage, N. Hosseinzadeh. "The Effect of High Penetration Level of Distributed Generation Sources on Voltage Stability Analysis in Unbalanced Distribution Systems Considering Load Model,"
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*, 7, 2, 2019, 196-205. - H. Roos, P. H. Nguyen, J. Morren and J. G. Slootweg, "Stability Analysis of Microgrid Islanding Transients Based on Interconnected Dissipative Subsystems,"
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 4655-4667, Nov. 2021. - Shuai, Z., Sun, Y., Shen, Z., Tian, W., Tu, C., Li, Y. and Yin, X., 2016.
*Microgrid stability: Classification and a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 58, pp. 167-179. - Bottrell, M. Prodanovic, and T. C. Green, "Dynamic stability of a microgrid with an active load,"
*IEEE Trans.**power electron.*, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 5107–5119, 2013. - Kahrobaeian and Y. A.-R. I. Mohamed, "Analysis and mitigation of low-frequency instabilities in autonomous medium-voltage converter based microgrids with dynamic loads,"
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 1643–1658, 2013. - A. A. Radwan and Y. A.-R. I. Mohamed, "Analysis and active impedance- based stabilization of voltage-sourcerectifier loads in grid connected and isolated microgrid applications,"
*EEE Trans. Sustainable Energy*, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 563–576, 2013. - Raju and T. Jain, "Development and validation of a generalized modeling approach for islanded inverter-based microgrids with static and dynamic loads,"
*Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst*., vol. 108, pp. 177–190, 2019. - Majumder, R., 2010. Modeling, stability analysis and control of microgrid, Ph.D.,
*Queensland University of Technology*. - Ma, X. Wang and X. Lan, "Small-Signal Stability Analysis of Microgrid Based on Perturbation Theory,"
*Asia-Pacific Power Energy Eng. Conf.*, 2012, pp. 1-4, - Pogaku, M. Prodanovic, and T. C. Green, "Modeling, analysis and testing of autonomous operation of an inverterbased microgrid,"
*IEEE Trans. power electron.*, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 613–625, 2007. - Rasheduzzaman, J. A. Mueller, and J. W. Kimball, "An accurate small-signal model of inverter-dominated islanded microgrids using dq reference frame,"
*IEEE J. Emerging Sel. Top. Power Electron.*, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1070–1080, 2014. - U. Krismanto and N. Mithulananthan, "Identification of modal interaction and small signal stability in autonomous microgrid operation,"
*IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.*, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 247– 257, 2017. - M. Kamel, A. Chaouachi, K. Nagasaka, "Detailed analysis of micro-grid stability during islanding mode under different load conditions,"
*Engineering*, vol. 3, no. 5, p. 508, 2011. - Tabatabaee, H. R. Karshenas, A. Bakhshai, and P. Jain, "Investigation of droop characteristics and x/r ratio on smallsignal stability of autonomous microgrid,"
*IEEE 2*, 2011, pp. 223–228.^{nd }Power Electron. Drive Syst. Techno. Conf. - K. Dheer, N. Soni, and S. Doolla, "Improvement of small signal stability margin and transient response in inverterdominated microgrids,"
*Sustainable Energy Grids Networks*, vol. 5, pp. 135–147, 2016. - Katiraei, M. Iravani, and P. Lehn, "Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced distributed resources,"
*IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.*, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 369–378, 2007. - Rezaee, M. Moallem, J. Wang, and A. A. A. Radwan, "Assessment of dynamic instabilities in weak grids with high penetration of power electronic loads,"
*IEEE 8*, 2020, pp. 13–17.^{th }Intern. Conf. Smart Energy Grid Eng. (SEGE) - S.N. Raju P, T. Jain, "Impact of load dynamics and load sharing among distributed generations on stability and dynamic performance of islanded ac microgrids,"
*Electr. Power Syst. Res.*, vol. 157, pp. 200–210, 2018. - P. Ariyasinghe and D. M. Vilathgamuwa, "
*Stability analysis of microgrids with constant power loads*," pp. 279–284, 2008. - Khaledian and M. Aliakbar Golkar, "Analysis of droop control method in an autonomous microgrid,"
*J. Appl. Res. Technol.*, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 371–377, 2017. - D. Mohammadi, H. K. Vanashi, and A. Feliachi, "Statespace modeling, analysis, and distributed secondary frequency control of isolated microgrids,"
*IEEE Trans. Energy Convers.*, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 155–165, 2017. - Krause, O. Wasynczuk, S. Sudhoff and S. Pekarek, Analysis of electric machinery and drive systems. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
- K. Padiyar,
*Power system dynamics: stability & control*, BS publications, 2010.
| ||

آمار تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 565 تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 640 |