|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||3,515,180|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||2,327,493|
Effect of ACT on Work Procrastination and Work Performance
|دوره 1، شماره 1، آبان 2020، صفحه 33-46 اصل مقاله (347.68 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran|
|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on university employees' work procrastination and work performance. This was an experimental study with pretest-posttest control groupdesign. In this study selected 56 employees by Krejcie & Morgan (1970) technique. They were completed Work procrastination(Metin, Taris, & Peeters, 2016) and work performance(McColl, Paterson, Davies, Doubt, & Law, 2000) questionnaires. Then 24 participants who got a high score in work procrastination and low score in work performance were chosen. They were then randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. After that, the experimental group participated in 7 sessions of acceptance and commitment therapy and the control group received no intervention. Both groups were given pre-test and post-test before and after the intervention, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (multivariate analysis of variance). Results indicated that the treatment had a significant effect on reducing work procrastination (F =6.57; P < 0.05), but had no effect on work performance.|
|Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)؛ Work procrastination؛ Work performance|
Alessandri, G., Borgogni, L., Schaufeli, W. B., Caprara, G. V., & Consiglio, C. (2015). From positive orientation to job performance: The role of work engagement and self-efficacy beliefs. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(3), 767-788.
Amabile, T. M. (1993). Motivational synergy: Toward new conceptualizations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in the workplace. Human resource management review, 3(3), 185-201.
Bach, P. A., & Moran, D. J. (2008). ACT in practice: Case conceptualization in acceptance and commitment therapy: New Harbinger Publications.
Baer, R. A. (2015). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications: Elsevier.
Bannon, E. (2010). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY INTERVENTION FOR WORK STRESS ON INNOVATION. Bowling Green State University.
Bond, F. W., & Bunce, D. (2000). Mediators of change in emotion-focused and problem-focused worksite stress management interventions. Journal of occupational health psychology, 5(1), 156.
Bond, F. W., & Dryden, W. (2005). Handbook of brief cognitive behaviour therapy: John Wiley & Sons.
Bond, F. W., Flaxman, P. E., & Livheim, F. (2013). The Mindful and Effective Employee: A Training Program for Maximizing Well-Being and Effectiveness Using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: New Harbinger Publications.
Bond, F. W., Flaxman, P. E., van Veldhoven, M., & Biron, M. (2010). The impact of psychological flexibility and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on health and productivity at work. Contemporary Occupational Health Psychology. Global perspectives on research and practice, 1, 296-313.
Brinkborg, H., Michanek, J., Hesser, H., & Berglund, G. (2011). Acceptance and commitment therapy for the treatment of stress among social workers: A randomized controlled trial. Behaviour research and therapy, 49(6-7), 389-398.
Briscoe, D., Tarique, I., & Schuler, R. (2012). International human resource management: Policies and practices for multinational enterprises: Routledge.
Brown, S. D., & Lent, R. W. (2004). Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work: John Wiley & Sons.
Cadena, X., Schoar, A., Cristea, A., & Delgado-Medrano, H. M. (2011). Fighting procrastination in the workplace: An experiment. Retrieved from
Carson, K. P., Cardy, R. L., & Dobbins, G. H. (1991). Performance appraisal as effective management or deadly management disease: Two initial empirical investigations. Group & Organization Studies, 16(2), 143-159.
Chowdhury, S. (2016). The construct validity of active procrastination: Is it procrastination or purposeful delay. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Google Scholar.
Dahl, J., Wilson, K. G., & Nilsson, A. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy and the treatment of persons at risk for long-term disability resulting from stress and pain symptoms: A preliminary randomized trial. Behavior therapy, 35(4), 785-801.
Eerde, W. V. (2003). Procrastination at work and time management training. The Journal of psychology, 137(5), 421-434.
Feldman, D. C. (2002). Work careers: A developmental perspective (Vol. 9): Pfeiffer.
Ferrari, J., Johnson, J., & McCown, W. (1995). Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research and practice: New York: Plenum Press.
Flaxman, P. E., & Bond, F. W. (2006). Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the workplace. Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician’s guide to evidence base and applications, 377-402.
Flaxman, P. E., & Bond, F. W. (2010). Acceptance and commitment training: Promoting psychological flexibility in the workplace. Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients: Illuminating the theory and practice of change, 282-306.
Flaxman, P. E., Bond, F. W., & Livheim, F. (2013). The mindful and effective employee: An acceptance and commitment therapy training manual for improving well-being and performance: New Harbinger Publications.
Hartung, P. J., Savickas, M. L., & Walsh, W. (2015). APA handbook of career intervention, Volume 2: Applications: American Psychological Association.
Hayes, S. C. (2004). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and the New Behavior Therapies: Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Relationship.
Hayes, S. C., Bissett, R., Roget, N., Padilla, M., Kohlenberg, B. S., Fisher, G., . . . Berry, K. (2004). The impact of acceptance and commitment training and multicultural training on the stigmatizing attitudes and professional burnout of substance abuse counselors. Behavior therapy, 35(4), 821-835.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy: Guilford Press New York.
Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2009). Acceptance and commitment therapy: American Psychological Association Washington, DC:.
Hermann, B. A. (2008). Dismantling an ACT-Based Intervention for Work Stress: Do Values Really Matter?
Howell, A. J., Watson, D. C., Powell, R. A., & Buro, K. (2006). Academic procrastination: The pattern and correlates of behavioural postponement. Personality and Individual Differences, 40(8), 1519-1530.
Jackson, T., Fritch, A., Nagasaka, T., & Pope, L. (2003). Procrastination and Perceptions of Past, Present, and Future. Individual Differences Research, 1(1).
Jex, S. M. (1998). Stress and job performance: Theory, research, and implications for managerial practice: Sage Publications Ltd.
Kishita, N., & Shimada, H. (2011). Effects of acceptance-based coping on task performance and subjective stress. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 42(1), 6-12.
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. (1970). Educational and psychological measurement. New York: Minnisota University.
Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (1994). Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance. Journal of vocational behavior, 45(1), 79-122.
McColl, M. A., Paterson, M., Davies, D., Doubt, L., & Law, M. (2000). Validity and community utility of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67(1), 22-30.
Metin, U. B., Taris, T. W., & Peeters, M. C. (2016). Measuring procrastination at work and its associated workplace aspects. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 254-263.
Milgram, N. A., Sroloff, B., & Rosenbaum, M. (1988). The procrastination of everyday life. Journal of Research in Personality, 22(2), 197-212.
Nguyen, B., Steel, P., & Ferrari, J. R. (2013). Procrastination's Impact in the Workplace and the Workplace's Impact on Procrastination. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 21(4), 388-399.
Osterman, P. (1995). Work/family programs and the employment relationship. Administrative science quarterly, 681-700.
Schouwenburg, H. C., Lay, C., Pychyl, T., & Ferrari, J. (2006). Counseling the procrastinator in academic settings: American Psychological Association.
Schwetschenau, H. M. (2008). The effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment intervention for work stress. Bowling Green State University.
Singh, V., & Singh, M. (2018). A Burnout Model of Job Crafting: Multiple Mediator Effects on Job Performance. IIMB Management Review.
Van Wyk, L. (2004). The relationship between procrastination and stress in the life of the high school teacher. University of Pretoria.
Wersebe, H., Lieb, R., Meyer, A. H., Hofer, P., & Gloster, A. T. (2018). The link between stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility during an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy self-help intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 18(1), 60-68.
Wieber, F., & Gollwitzer, P. (2010). Overcoming procrastination through planning.
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 441
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 419