تعداد نشریات | 26 |

تعداد شمارهها | 325 |

تعداد مقالات | 2,795 |

تعداد مشاهده مقاله | 4,218,193 |

تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله | 2,872,783 |

## Designing a Robust SMC for Voltage and Power Control in Islanded Micro-grid and Simultaneous use of Load Shedding Method | ||

Journal of Operation and Automation in Power Engineering | ||

مقاله 6، دوره 13، شماره 1، فروردین 2025، صفحه 74-87 اصل مقاله (1.35 M)
| ||

نوع مقاله: Research paper | ||

شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22098/joape.2023.12215.1910 | ||

نویسندگان | ||

M. Zadehbagheri^{*} ؛ M.J. Kiani؛ S. Khandan
| ||

^{}Department of Electrical Engineering, Yasuj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasuj, Iran | ||

چکیده | ||

Nowadays micro-grids (MG) as one of the most important methods used for electric power generation from renewable energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reducing environmental pollution have been considered. Due to the increasing number of distributed generation (DG) sources and MGs in the power grids, it is of particular importance to design and implement a suitable controller in order to use all the available capacities in these systems. The uncertainty in prediction of power generation can be considered as disturbances into the electrical system, making it difficult to control, and eventually resulting in an unstable system. With the use of power electronic converters the power and voltage of MG can be controlled. In this paper, a 13-bus MG is proposed. This MG includes 3 wind farms and 2 PV farms. A robust sliding mode controller (SMC) is used to control voltage source converters of PV farms. A load shedding program is proposed to avoid complete blackout of MG in case of islanding that recover MG voltage to normal range after a voltage collapse. Simulations were performed using MATLAB/SIMULINK software on a 13-bus IEEE micro grid, and the effectiveness of the proposed control and operational method was investigated and confirmed. | ||

کلیدواژهها | ||

AC/DC converter؛ DG؛ Load shedding؛ Micro-grid؛ Power control؛ Robustness؛ SMC؛ Voltage control | ||

مراجع | ||

- Kumar, S.R. Mohanty, and S. Kumar, “Event trigger super twisting sliding mode control for dc micro grid with matched/unmatched disturbance observer,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 3837–3849, 2020. - H. Youssef, “Microgrid reliability considering directional protection failure and optimal load shedding,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 877–887, 2021. - Chen, F.L. Lewis, E.N. Feng, and Y. Song, “Distributed optimal active power control of multiple generation systems,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 7079–7090, 2015. - R. Ghodsi, A. Tavakoli, and A. Samanfar, “A robust controller design for load frequency control in islanded microgrid clusters,”
*Int. Trans. Electr. Energy Syst.*, vol. 2022, 2022. - Chen, F.L. Lewis, E.N. Feng, and Y. Song, “Distributed optimal active power control of multiple generation systems,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 7079–7090, 2015. - B. Nassif, “A protection and grounding strategy for integrating inverter-based distributed energy resources in an isolated microgrid,”
*CPSS trans. power electron. appl.*, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 242–250, 2020. - Eskandari, M. Kiani, M. Zadehbagheri, and T. Niknam, “Optimal scheduling of storage device, renewable resources and hydrogen storage in combined heat and power microgrids in the presence plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and their charging demand,”
*J. Energy Storage*, vol. 50, p. 104558, 2022. - Amirkhan, M. Radmehr, M. Rezanejad, and S. Khormali, “A robust control technique for stable operation of a dc/ac hybrid microgrid under parameters and loads variations,”
*Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst.*, vol. 117, p. 105659, 2020. - Le and B.N. Phung, “Load shedding in microgrids with consideration of voltage quality improvement,”
*Eng. Appl. Sci. Res.*, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 6680–6686, 2021. - Peng, B. Fan, and W. Liu, “Voltage-based distributed optimal control for generation cost minimization and bounded bus voltage regulation in dc microgrids,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 106–116, 2020. - Karimi and S. Jadid, “Optimal energy management for multi-microgrid considering demand response programs: A stochastic multi-objective framework,”
*Energy*, vol. 195, p. 116992, 2020. - Elgamal, N. Korovkin, A.A. Menaem, and A. Elmitwally, “Day-ahead complex power scheduling in a reconfigurable hybrid-energy islanded microgrid with responsive demand considering uncertainty and different load models,”
*Appl. Energy*, vol. 309, p. 118416, 2022. - Wang, W. Wu, and B. Zhang, “A fully distributed power dispatch method for fast frequency recovery and minimal generation cost in autonomous microgrids,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 19–31, 2015. - Men, Y. Du, and X. Lu, “Distributed control framework and scalable small-signal stability analysis for dynamic microgrids,”
*Chin. J. Electr. Eng.*, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 49–59, 2021. - Farzin, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad, and M. Moeini-Aghtaie, “Stochastic energy management of microgrids during unscheduled islanding period,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Inform.*, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1079–1087, 2016. - Jiang, Y. Yang, S.-C. Tan, and S.Y.R. Hui, “Power loss minimization of parallel-connected distributed energy resources in dc microgrids using a distributed gradient algorithm-based hierarchical control,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 4538–4550, 2022. - Dong, C. Gong, H. Chen, and Z. Wang, “Secondary frequency regulation and stabilization method of islanded droop inverters based on integral leading compensator,”
*Energy Rep.*, vol. 8, pp. 1718–1730, 2022. - Zhang, X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Dong, and Y. Ji, “Distributed cooperative voltage control for grid-following and gridforming distributed generators in islanded microgrids,”
*IEEE Trans. Power Syst.*, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 589–602, 2022. - Zhang, X. Dou, L. Wang, Y. Dong, and Y. Ji, “Distributed cooperative voltage control for grid-following and gridforming distributed generators in islanded microgrids,”
*IEEE Trans. Power Syst.*, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 589–602, 2022. - John and S. Ping Lam, “Voltage and frequency control during microgrid islanding in a multi-area multi-microgrid system,”
*IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.*, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 1502–1512, 2017. - Zhou and J. Wu, “Magnetic levitation technology for precision motion systems: A review and future perspectives,”
*Int. J. Autom. Technol.*, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 386–402, 2022. - Zhai, Z. Long, and X. Li, “A new strategy for improving the tracking performance of magnetic levitation system in maglev train,”
*Symmetry*, vol. 11, no. 8, p. 1053, 2019. - Aillane, K. Dahech, A. Chouder, T. Damak, A. Cherifi, and J. Hmad, “Control of a three-phase grid-connected inverter based on super-twisting sliding mode algorithm,” in
*2022 19th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices (SSD)*, pp. 1186–1192, IEEE, 2022. - Samarat, B. Mehta, and S. Joshi, “Analysis and modeling of ac and dc micro-grids for prosumer based implementation,”
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 116–122, 2021. - S. AlDavood, A. Mehbodniya, J.L. Webber, M. Ensaf, and M. Azimian, “Robust optimization-based optimal operation of islanded microgrid considering demand response,”
*Sustainability*, vol. 14, no. 21, p. 14194, 2022. - Samsuria, Y.M. Sam, and F. Hassan, “Enhanced sliding mode control for a nonlinear active suspension full car model,”
*Int. J. Robot. Control Syst.*, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 501–522, 2021. - Ge, R. Zhao, W. Li, J. Li, Y. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Slidingmode control for coal shearer drum height adjustment based on variable speed reaching law,”
*J. Vibroengineering*, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1782–1797, 2020. - Zadehbagheri, M.J. Kiani, T. Sutikno, and R.A. Moghadam, “Design of a new backstepping controller for control of microgrid sources inverter.,”
*Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng. (2088-8708)*, vol. 12, no. 4, 2022. - F. Zia, E. Elbouchikhi, and M. Benbouzid, “Microgrids energy management systems: A critical review on methods, solutions, and prospects,”
*Appl. Energy*, vol. 222, pp. 1033–1055, 2018. - Kohansal, M. Zadehbagheri, M.J. Kiani, and S. Nejatian, “Participation of grid-connected energy hubs and energy distribution companies in the day-ahead energy wholesale and retail markets constrained to network operation indices,”
*Int. Trans. Electr. Energy Syst.*, vol. 2022, 2022. - Faraji, A.R. Abbasi, S. Nejatian, M. Zadehbagheri, and H. Parvin, “Probabilistic planning of the active and reactive power sources constrained to securable-reliable operation in reconfigurable smart distribution networks,”
*Electr. Power Syst. Res.*, vol. 199, p. 107457, 2021. - Shavakhi Zavareh, E. Rokrok, J. Soltani, and M. Shahkarami, “Adaptive sliding mode control of multi-dg, multi-bus grid-connected microgrid,”
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 65–77, 2019. - Abjadi, “Nonsingular terminal sliding mode control for islanded inverter-based microgrids,”
*J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng.*, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 26–34, 2023. - Wang, S. Chu, Y. Ying, A. Wang, R. Chen, H. Xu, and B. Zhu, “Underfrequency load shedding scheme for islanded microgrids considering objective and subjective weight of loads,”
*IEEE Trans. Smart Grid*, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 899–913, 2022. - Liu, T.B. Ollis, M.F. Ferrari, A. Sundararajan, and K. Tomsovic, “Robust scheduling of networked microgrids for economics and resilience improvement,”
*Energies*, vol. 15, no. 6, p. 2249, 2022. - Pourghasem, H. Seyedi, and K. Zare, “A new optimal under-voltage load shedding scheme for voltage collapse prevention in a multi-microgrid system,”
*Electr. Power Syst. Res.*, vol. 203, p. 107629, 2022. - Raeispour, H. Atrianfar, H.R. Baghaee, and G.B. Gharehpetian, “Robust sliding mode and mixed
*H*_{2}*/H*_{∞ }output feedback primary control of ac microgrids,”*IEEE Syst. J.*, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 2420–2431, 2020. - Madiba, R. Bansal, N. Mbungu, M. Bettayeb, R. Naidoo, and M. Siti, “Under-frequency load shedding of microgrid systems: a review,”
*Int. J. Model. Simul.*, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 653–679, 2022. - K. Jha, D. Kumar, and M. Lehtonen, “Modified vi droop based adaptive vector control scheme for demand side management in a stand-alone microgrid,”
*Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst.*, vol. 130, p. 106950, 2021. - Azimian, V. Amir, R. Habibifar, and H. Golmohamadi, “Probabilistic optimization of networked multi-carrier microgrids to enhance resilience leveraging demand response programs,”
*Sustainability*, vol. 13, no. 11, p. 5792, 2021. - Liu, H. Wang, and C. Hou, “Sliding-mode control design for nonlinear systems using probability density function shaping,”
*IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. Learn. Syst.*, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 332–343, 2013. - Kumarswamy, T.K. Sandipamu, and V. Prasanth, “Analysis of islanding detection in distributed generation using fuzzy logic technique,” in
*2013 7th Asia Modelling Symposium*, pp. 3–7, IEEE, 2013. - Carli, G. Cavone, T. Pippia, B. De Schutter, and M. Dotoli, “Robust optimal control for demand side management of multi-carrier microgrids,”
*IEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng.*, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1338–1351, 2022.
| ||

آمار تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 439 تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 294 |