|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||3,521,700|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||2,331,266|
Identifying challenges and effective indicators in entrepreneurial attitudes in the content of elementary textbooks (qualitative study)
|دوره 2، شماره 4، اسفند 2021، صفحه 61-75 اصل مقاله (501.02 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|Chamran Ghanbari1؛ Manijeh Zakariaei* 2؛ Javad Nasseryan3|
|1PhD student, Department of educational Sciences, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran|
|2Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran (Corresponding Author)|
|3Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran|
|The aim of this study was to identify the challenges and effective indicators in entrepreneurial attitudes in the content of elementary textbooks. The research method is applied in terms of purpose and based on how to collect qualitative data based on semi-structured interviews. The statistical population was the selection of interviewees using snowball-type purposive sampling method, which was stopped in the eleventh interview due to the repetitive text of the interviews and consensus. Based on the results of the interviews and the extraction of challenges, which consisted of 46 two concepts or items, 8 challenges in the content of science and Persian textbooks for first to third grades of elementary school were identified. Also, in the index extraction section, which consisted of 43 concepts or items, 7 effective indicators were identified in the content of science and Persian textbooks for the first to third grades of elementary school. The results showed that the challenges of lack of space and educational context, theorizing of concepts, neglect of entrepreneurship, lack of education, optional activities, lack of evaluation, lack of support from officials and lack of skills of teachers as the most important challenges of not developing attitudes, respectively. Entrepreneurship was introduced in the textbooks of the course. Also, indicators of creating and creating opportunities, self-efficacy, desire and confidence in success, talent identification, participation and interaction, operationalization and acquisition of skills, flexibility of officials were selected as the most important factors in developing entrepreneurial attitudes in elementary school textbook content.|
|content analysis؛ indicators؛ challenges؛ entrepreneurship|
Altbach, P.G., Kelly, G.P., Petrie, H.G., & Weis, L. (eds.) (1991). Textbooks in American Education. Albany:State University of New York Press. Albany.
Axelsson, K., Hägglund, S. and Sandberg, A. (2015). Entrepreneurial Learning in Education Preschool as a Take-Off for the Entrepreneurial Self, Journal of Education and Training, 2(2), 40- 58.
Burger, L., O’Neill, C., Mahadea, D. (2005). The impact of previous knowledge and experience on theentrepreneurial attitudes of Grade 12 learners. South African Journal of Education, 25, 89–94.
Emami, M R, Saeedi, M (1387). Dimensions and strategies for cultivating and developing the culture of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship in the country. Monthly Labor and Society, 99 and 98, 54 - 61. (Persian)
Emerson, B, Stuart, B (1992). Psychological Traits of Rural Entrepreneurs.The Journal of Socio-Economics, 21, 353-362.
France, T. N. & O’Cinneide, B. (2005). Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programmes: A Review and Evaluation – Part 1. Journal of European Industrial Training, 18 (8), 3-12.
Garavan, T. N. & O’Cinneide, B. (2006). Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programmes: A Review and Evaluation – Part 1. Journal of European Industrial Training, 18 (8), 3-12.
Guven, semra (2009). New primary education course programmes andentrepreneurship, procedial, 1, 263-270.
Hosseini Khawa, A (1387). "Possibility and Necessity of Entrepreneurship Education in Schools", Curriculum Quarterly, No. 11, pp. 94-66 (Persian)
Jafari M, S; Arezoo, S F (2015) A Study of the Development of Entrepreneurial Attitude in Textbooks (Case Study: Persian Textbooks for Primary School), Social, Economic, Scientific and Cultural Quarterly of Work and Society, No. 135, pp. 45-32. (Persian)
Jahanian, R (1389). "Study of Entrepreneurship Development Strategies in Technical and Vocational Schools of Islamic Azad University", Scientific-Research Quarterly of Educational Management Research, 51- No. 2, p.74 (Persian)
Lindsay, Wendy, Lindsay, Noel, Jordaan, Anton (2007). Investigating the Values- Entrepreneurial Attitude-Opportunity Recognition Relationship in Nascent Entrepreneurs. Regional Frontiers of EntrepreneurshipResearch, 562-568.
Lumbantobing, Riris (2005). Comparative Study on Process Skills in the Elementary Science Curriculum andTextbooks between Indonesia and Japan. Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University.Part. II, Arts and science education, 53, 31-38
Naseri, M; Ghomashchi c; and Feizi, K 2016, Review of the content of sixth grade textbooks in elementary school in paying attention to and creating entrepreneurship and creativity in students, First International Conference on Entrepreneurship, Creativity and Innovation, Shiraz, Kharazmi Higher Institute of Science and Technology (Persian)
Razzino, Marianne Pauline (2003). Environmental Education in Mexico:A Content Analysis of Primary SchoolTextbooks. Unpublished master’s thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia
Reza S, A; Masoom Nejad,Z (2015). Entrepreneurship, Knowledge and Technology Publications, first edition (Persian)
Robinson, Peter B., Stimpson, David V., Huefner, Jonathan C., Hunt, H. Keith (1991). An Attitude Approach tothe Prediction of Entrepreneurship. Enterepreneurship Theory and Practice. 50,13-31.
Sadeghi Sh, Adly S, Fariba D(2007). "The Relationship between the Higher Education System and the Development of Students' Entrepreneurial Spirit", Educational Research Journal of Islamic Azad University, Bojnour Branch, No. 22, pp. 90-73
Sadler, R. (2001). A framework for the emergence of entrepreneurship and innovation in education, confrance paper for the Centre for the Economics of Education and Training, Retrieved June 20, 2009.
Sarukhani, B (2014). Research Methods in Social Sciences, Volume 1, Tehran: Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies. (Persian)
Shah Hosseini, A (2008). Entrepreneurship in action. Tehran: Ayizh.
Shanan, Gibson, G., Harris, Michael L., Barber III, Dennis (2009). Comparing the Entrepreneurial Attitudes ofChinese and Brazilian Students. Southern Journal of Entrepreneurship, 28 , 56-70
Shariff, M N Mohd, S, Mohammad B (2009). An Attitude Approach to the Prediction ofEntrepreneurship on Students at Institution of Higher Learning in Malaysia. International Gournal of Businessand Management, 4, 129-135.
Shoghi, B. & Shafighi, F. (2016). Entrepreneurship E-Learning and e-Entrepreneurship. The first National Education confrance in Iran 2025. Retrieved from: http://www.civilica.com/Paper-INCE01-INCE01_127.htm (In Persian)
Tam, H W (2009). How and to What Extent Does Entrepreneurship Education Make Students MoreEntrepreneurial? A California Case of the Technology Management program. Unpublished doctoral dissertation.University of Californnia, Santa Barbara.
Timmons, J., Spinelli, S. (2007). New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21stCentury, Irwin McGraw-Hill, Boston, 7th Edition
Toghraei, M T; Mir Ahadi,S S; Hashemi,S(1398). Designing an Entrepreneurial Education Model in School, Quarterly Journal of Educational Innovations, 71 (18): pp. 58-59(Persian)
Torrance, E. P. (2010). Fostering Academic creativity in gifted students Eic Digest, USA.
Vahedi, M, Seif Naraghi, M; Naderi E (2015). Entrepreneurship education in work and technology books in Iran in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades based on the pattern of your future entrepreneurship education in the banner of entrepreneurship, new educational ideas, 12 (3): 141-128(Persian)
Vaseghi, B (2010). "Content Analysis of Entrepreneurship Textbook and the Opinion of Entrepreneurship Teachers in Ardabil Province from the Perspective of Entrepreneurship Characteristics", M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran.
Williams, R (2001). Alberta Social Studios Textbooks and Human Rights Education. Master’s ThesisUniversity of Alberta, Alber
تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 368
تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 167